Current sustainable transport policies try to ensure that transport systems fulfill the environmental, societal and financial needs of society.
We work on these initiatives by participating in the development of solutions to electrify transport at both an urban level (automobiles, bicycles, trams) and an intercity level (automobiles, trains, etc.). We work with different types of electrical technologies: batteries, supercondensers, or hydrogen cell-based systems.
With these initiatives, we strive to reduce those emissions (CO, CO2, NOx, HC, etc.) behind the greenhouse effect, as well as minimise environmental pollution in the most populated areas.
We take part in different activities aiming at the implementation of electric vehicles, working on defining and managing infrastructure-related aspects such as:
The introduction in cities of charging stations for electric vehicles will facilitate the establishment of this type of vehicles and improve urban mobility whilst reducing pollution. We have defined and manage a network of charging stations in some Spanish cities (Valladolid, Palencia), having established the location and characteristics of the points and the associated infrastructure in addition to managing the information provided (analysis of the demand).
We collaborate in European standardisation initiatives to promote the use of electric vehicles. In them, we analyse the technical and regulatory standards to achieve interoperability at a European level i.e. the users’ capacity to drive their electric vehicles beyond the borders of their particular countries.
In order for the use of electric vehicles to be truly environmentally-friendly, the power supply for charging them should be generated in an ecological manner by means of an energy mix where the renewable energy share is representative.
We define infrastructures where renewable energies are perfectly integrated, thereby facilitating the use of clean electric power.
Choosing the right route for daily commutes is conducive to consuming less energy. Information and communication technologies (ITCs) at the service of mobility allow users to choose routes where there is less traffic congestion or there are no incidents.
Bearing in mind the goal of reducing polluting emissions in cities, we explore not only technologies for transport electrification but also the use of energy sources alternative to conventional fossil fuels for reciprocating internal combustion engines.
We participate in projects to develop the technology for obtaining these fuels (biodiesel, bioethanol, biomethane) and in projects to incorporate them into different means of transport.
The main types of alternative fuels on which work is being done are biofuels, bioethanol and biomethane.
Environmental quality: Noise
We perform predictive studies about, and implement in-situ measures of, the environmental impact of noise and vibrations due to vehicular traffic on roads and tracks (trains, etc.).
We work on improving barrier-wall calculation procedures and experimental measurements.
Since 2004, we have been developing strategic noise maps of both the Spanish road system and railway network.
We take part in Spanish projects for reducing rolling noise. We carry out the acoustic characterisation of road surfaces both in-situ and in the lab: CPX, CPB, SPB, acoustic absorption, mechanical impedance, rolling resistance, porosity, air flow resistivity, and tortuosity.