CIDAUT successfully completes the pilot tests on the use of ANG tanks in dual-fuel converted vehicle within ECOGATE project.
The overall objective of the ECO-GATE project (European COrridors for natural GAs Transport Efficiency) is to study efficiency improvement of conventional and renewable Natural Gas Vehicles (NGV) market in the whole Atlantic Corridor (Portugal, Spain and France), the North Sea-Mediterranean Corridor (France) and the Spanish Mediterranean Corridor (Spain) through new technologies and innovative solutions for supply logistic services, cleaner fuels, refuelling infrastructure, vehicle and components manufacturers and operational processes.
ECO-GATE is run by a consortium of more than 20 companies from Spain, Portugal, France/ Germany.
CIDAUT innovation in the ECOGATE project is focused on the storage of natural gas on-board at lower pressure than Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), specifically in the adsorbed natural gas storage (ANG). CIDAUT has carried out the characterization of the loading and unloading processes of this type of adsorbed natural gas storage systems in an experimental facility and as a final step, the adsorbent natural gas (ANG) storage technology has been validated in a pilot test on a dual-diesel van.
This system stores more energy per unit volume at the same pressure as the storage of compressed natural gas (CNG). ANG allows the use of tanks that work at lower pressure (60 bar), with the advantages that this entails: greater flexibility in the design of the tank, greater formability, lower refuelling costs, the possibility of home refuelling and greater safety. With the installation of a pressure regulator, it has been possible to refuel these vehicles in conventional refuelling stations, limiting their filling pressure to 60 bar.
Despite the decrease in activity due to covid-19, since February 2020, the vehicle has travelled more than 25,000 km and consumed about 100kg of NGV through this ANG tank.
During this period, vehicle operation, refuelling and vehicle operating conditions were monitored to enable conclusions to be drawn from this in-vehicle research.
The main results of this pilot test showed that the type of transformation of the vehicle to dual-fuel, as well as the operating conditions (mainly urban environment) lead to not very high degrees of substitution of diesel for natural gas. However, the possibility of using this type of ANG tanks in gas vehicles has been corroborated, allowing them to be refuelled in conventional gas refuelling stations, although they are best filled at slow-charge, low-pressure supply points where the energy cost of refuelling is optimised.
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On 16 and 17 March the Ente Regional de la Energía de Castilla y León and the company Tresca Engineering organised the online conferences “RENEWABLE HYDROGEN IN THE INDUSTRY OF CASTILLA Y LEÓN”.
The conference was opened by Mr. Carlos Javier Fernández Carriedo, Minister of Economy and Finance of the Junta de Castilla y León. The agenda was divided into two days and included the virtual presence of experienced speakers from the Ente Regional de Energía de Castilla y León, the European Commission, CNH2-Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno, ICE-Instituto para la Competitividad Empresarial de Castilla y León, CIDAUT, Enagás and Carburos Metálicos.
Europe’s ambitious objective of climate neutrality requires a remodelling of the current energy systems, inevitably towards others that are more environmentally friendly, which, on the other hand, are less manageable than the current ones. This is where hydrogen takes on an absolute protagonism as an energy vector, enabling flexible interconnection between the electricity and gas systems, in addition to achieving the decarbonisation of the economy in its final use.
In July 2020, the European Commission presented the document: “European Hydrogen Strategy: towards a climate-neutral Europe” (EU Hydrogen Strategy), which aims to establish the necessary guidelines to develop the role of clean hydrogen in reducing emissions in the EU economy in an efficient manner. Subsequently, and in line with this document, in September 2020, the Spanish Government published the document “Hydrogen Roadmap: A commitment to renewable hydrogen”, which offers a vision for 2030 and 2050, the aim of which is to ensure the industrial and technological positioning of our economy within the EU framework.
In the industry sector, the main driving force of the economy, there is a commitment to the use of high purity H2 as a raw material in current processes (e.g. refinery, ammonia production, extraction of metals from oxides) from renewable resources and its use to cover high temperature thermal demands (e.g. material fusion processes, ceramic furnaces, cement factories, glass).
Our CIDAUT colleague Jose Ignacio Dominguez had the opportunity to speak about the “DEGREE OF INNOVATION FOR THE USE AND IMPLEMENTATION OF HYDROGEN IN INDUSTRY”, as a key point in the development of the hydrogen technologies.
The conference “Renewable hydrogen in the industry of Castilla y León” highlighted the immense challenge in which we are immersed, the need to undertake the decarbonisation of the industrial sector as soon as possible and the tremendous opportunities that arise for the industry in this context.
Hydrogen Europe Research (HER) is the research grouping of the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking, a unique public private partnership supporting research, technological development and demonstration (RTD) activities in fuel cell and hydrogen energy technologies in Europe. Gathering 91 research institutions (universities and research centres), HER support and promote research interests in the FCH JU and create a framework for cooperation of science and industry in Europe.
After a General Assembly held on 14 December 2020, 10 new members joined Hydrogen Europe Research and CIDAUT was one of them. The membership process involved a presentation by CIDAUT of its capabilities and areas of expertise. After the presentation of the candidates, HER voted on the nominations and CIDAUT was admitted together with 9 other institutions.
HER is now present across 26 countries and gathers 90 members and 1 associate member.
Hydrogen Europe Research´s mission is to promote, support and accelerate the deployment of hydrogen and fuel cell technology by aligning the European R&D community and providing a stronghold for cooperation with industry increasing the impact of research in the sustainable shift to the clean technologies and now CIDAUT is part of this important partnership in the world of hydrogen and fuel cells.
On 17 December 2020, the VALORCOMP consortium held the last project meeting. After more than three years of intense work, the consortium members met via videoconference due to the mobility restrictions imposed by COVID-19.
For this special occasion, all members of the different working teams attended the meeting. Representatives from the Instituto Politécnico de Bragança (IPB, Principal Beneficiary), CIDAUT Foundation, University of Valladolid (UVa), Nertatec and Resíduos do Nordeste (RN) were present. There was a mixture of emotion and nostalgia as a result of the work of these years and with the regret of not being able to close this project in person.
The end of project meeting focused on cross-cutting issues and began with a brief summary of the positive aspects and difficulties encountered in the project by each of the members. The difficult handling of such a heterogeneous waste was the general issue in terms of the technical aspect, which has not prevented positive results from being obtained in the different ways of use.
Given the impossibility of holding the planned conferences, it was made a review of the videos prepared with the members of each entity, as well as other relevant entities, which will be available on the project’s website.
Finally, a brief review of management aspects was made for the formal closure and delivery of results.
Although the project was closed, all members expressed the desire not to write a full stop, but to look for alternatives to continue working together on this or other issues.
The VALORCOMP Project is co-financed by the INTERREG V-A Spain-Portugal (POCTEP) 2014-2020 programme and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). The project aims to contribute in a cooperative way to solve a cross-border problem by providing an outlet and recovery of the waste generated in the treatment of the organic fraction of municipal waste.
Last October, AVL organised a series of technical conferences in online format, which addressed the new challenges in the automotive industry and the technological solutions to meet them.
AVL Digital Tech Week 2020 sought to show the keys to give the answer to the mobility challenges of today and tomorrow. Four two-hour sessions were held, in which AVL presented the technological trends and a partner from the automotive industry offered its specific vision on the subject. All presentations were of a high technical content and ended with a round table of questions. It was a very interesting opportunity to understand the current and future challenges.
The third session was focused on “Hydrogen – Hydrogen Generation and its application in mobility” where CIDAUT participated with one of the presentations that took place. On this occasion the presentation was entitled “Hydrogen value chain and mobility applications: CIDAUT experience” and was focused on CIDAUT’s experience and capabilities along the hydrogen value chain and especially in mobility applications and developments required for the use of hydrogen.
The day also included the presentation of AVL technicians who spoke about “AVL Fuel Cell Technology – A pathway to zero emission transportation” and the National Hydrogen Centre participated in the final round table.
On Tuesday, October 20, 2020, “miciudadatodogas initiative”, together with the León City Council, organized the conference “Renewable Gas, Mobility and Sustainable Development”. This conference was followed in online format by more than 70 attendees related to natural and renewable gas.
On behalf of CIDAUT, researcher José Ignacio Domínguez took part in the 2nd Roundtable “Renewable Gases and the promotion of the development of a just transition strategy” where he commented on the opportunities in mobility with renewable hydrogen in Castilla y León. During the event, low-carbon economy projects and initiatives were announced that, in addition to contributing to the decarbonization process, also collaborate in the deployment of the Spanish just transition strategy.
This event also allow the attendees to learn about the new sustainable mobility strategy that the Ministry of Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda is promoting at national level, as well as the policies that are being developed in this matter by Junta de Castilla y León and the City Council of León.
miciudadatodogas is a public-private initiative, involving companies related to natural and renewable gas and sustainable cities committed to the circular economy and the fight against climate change.