On December 5th, the final workshop of the Cenit TARGET project was held at AIRBUS premises in Getafe (Madrid). This research project, focused on smart and environmentally sustainable technologies for the production of structures made of composite materials, has been founded by the CDTI (Centro de Desarrollo Tecnológico Industrial), organism depending of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.
Airbus facilities in Getafe (Madrid)
The event highlighted the main achievements reached by the 12 partner companies: Airbus Operations, Acciona Infraestructuras, Aernnova, Applus, Aciturri, Airbus Defence & Space, Hexel, Idec, MTorres, Sairem Ibérica, Tecnatom y TR Composites, along with 24 research organizations (Universities and Technology Centres).
Among them, CIDAUT has worked jointly with Aciturri in research activities to promote the development of advanced liquid composite moulding processes, seeking to reduce cycle times, energy consumption, scrap material and manufacturing costs associated to the production of structural components in Aeronautics, while improving product quality and increasing process robustness and repetitiveness. Processes that, if automated, would allow the effective production of complex structural components and the optimization of structures assembly.
The TARGET project, which commenced in 2010 with a 30 million Euros budget, was divided in nine work packages with the objective of researching and developing new smart and environmentally sustainable technologies for the production of composite structures. In particular, the research activities are focused on materials and processes that avoid using large autoclaves, and on functions integration; laying ground for new equipment and automation concepts that should lead to major cost savings.
TARGET main outcomes that deserve mention are: the development of advanced compaction and curing technologies of thermoset and thermoplastic materials out of autoclave; nanomaterials processing for their optimized integration in aeronautic laminates; the research in advanced resin infusion technologies and 3D carbon fabrics optimization; the development of new non-destructive inspecting techniques prior to curing; and the definition of integrated production systems, both in situ and in line, for the efficient manufacturing of composite components and structures.
The Green eMotion project is coming to its end next February. After four years of developing interoperable solutions for EV, analyzing standardization and infrastructure needs, and establishing the electric grids requirements, the project has reached its objective to support the roll out of EV in Europe.
Among other results, the project has successfully:
- Developed a marketplace and a clearing house that will allow Electric Vehicles (EV) drivers across Europe to connect their vehicles in different charging points.
- Carried out several standardization activities on communication and identification to propose new standards.
- Defined the infrastructure requirements, as well as the basis for the future requirements on the electric grids.
CIDAUT’s main role in the project has focused on coordinating the standardization activities, as well as to analyze the environmental impact of EV, to propose measures and policies to optimize the environmental benefits of EV.
On February 25-26 February 2015 the EU Stakeholder Forum will return for the 3rd edition that will once again bring together the three flagship electromobility projects of the European Commission: FREVUE, Green eMotion and ZeEUS. The venue of the meeting will be THON HOTEL BRUSSELS CITY CENTRE
Registrations are now open for the 3rd E-mobility Stakeholder Forum, registration is free and can be done here: https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/european-electromobility-stakeholder-forum-registration-12599167449, you are invited to join us to discuss on the project results. The EU’s three flagship electromobility projects will present their findings and plans on electromobility in Europe, covering topics such as smart technology, standardisation, electric urban freight and the benefits of electric vehicles to society and the environment. With Green eMotion drawing to a close, attendees will also have an opportunity to hear their final results and project conclusions.
The forum will be a mixture of parallel workshop sessions and high level round tables with participation from EU, national and regional political stakeholders as well and industry and research institutes. There will be three parallel workshop sessions throughout the event, so, every attendee is asked to register in advance which session to attend. The following topics will be covered:
Session 1 – Wednesday 25 February, 16.00-17.30
Business Models: Making the case – The integration of EVs into the business environment. Making the business case fit the reality of today. Examples of best practice
Selling the (new) reality – What is the role of both public and private sectors with regards to promoting e-mobility? Market segmentation – how EVs can ‘tick’ all boxes for all sectors?
Making the connection – From grid management to the vehicle on the street, how do we cater for widespread EV uptake? What are the strategies for making this work?
Session 2 – Thursday 26 February, 11.00-12.30
Integrating Urban Modality – Real world implementation of e-mobility in the urban environment
Fact from fiction – How EVs will solve the pressing environmental challenge – from the courts to the streets
More than just charging a battery – How smart technology is complimenting EV opportunities
Session 3 – Thursday 26 February, 13.30-15.00
The path to 2030 – By 2030, our cities should be well on the way to being fossil-fuel free. What is the view of the OEM’s to achieving this?
How to reach the goal? – Public policy has us on a trajectory to zero emission by 2050 – is that fast enough? What more should we be doing?
More than a connector – While the EU Directives have confirmed the connectors, there are more standards required to make the new system work
Finally, for more information on the event, as well as to download the information related to Green eMotion achievements and the deliverables, visit: www.greenemotion-project.eu
The first review meeting of Free-Moby project was held last December in Brussels. Free-Moby is a three years FP7 founded project focused on the implementation of easy to deploy micro fully electrical vehicles and city EVs.
Figure 1: Schedule of the Vehicle to Home (V2H) connection and communication to optimize the performance of the harvested energy.
All the partners involved in the activities developed during the first twelve months of the project were present in the meeting. Cidaut presented the results of the “Preliminary market study for premium vehicles”, where the new trends in the demands of the consumer for the electric vehicles have been analyzed. The evolution of the characteristics of premium vehicles has been studied, how the comfort and the reliability have given the leading role to the passive and active safety and how nowadays the entertainment and the information are growing in importance for the new customers. Most of the premium characteristics are related to the connection of the vehicle so a deep analysis of the way this connection works has been made.
Cidaut also presented the results on the evolution of the smart charging technology. Free-Moby promotes the integration of renewable energies in electromobility through the installation of photovoltaic panels at home and on the vehicle. One of the targets of the project is to optimize the performance of the harvested energy. The solution found in Free-Moby project consists on the combination of DC-DC charging and a partial swapping. The innovation introduced in the case of the DC-DC conductive charging is to use a compact high performance charger outside the vehicle. This solution is possible thanks to the development of a high efficient rack compatible for vehicle and home use. This rack is composed by four battery modules that can be easily removed for partial swapping allowing a high degree of interaction between home and vehicle. The batteries charged at home with solar energy can be used for electromobility applications and the vehicle can be plug to the home in emergency cases. In order to achieve this integration, the empowerment of the communication has been highlighted as crucial. During first year important research has been made on communication inside the vehicle and also on vehicle to everything.
The project HYACINTH of the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking was launched last September. The project is coordinated by CENTRO NACIONAL DE EXPERIMENTACIONDE TECNOLOGIAS DE HIDROGENO Y PILAS DE COMBUSTIBLE. Other partners are I PLUS F FRANCE SARL, CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES ENERGETICAS, MEDIOAMBIENTALES Y TECNOLOGICAS-CIEMAT, RAZVOJNI CENTER ZA VODIKOVE TEHNOLOGIJE, ODC Services GMBH, ABERDEEN CITY COUNCIL. CIDAUT will also be involved as WP leader in order to determine the context influence over the stakeholders and to design the methodology to carry out the Social acceptance study.
The social acceptance by the general public, the stakeholders and the potential customers of Fuel Cell and Hydrogen (FCH) projects and applications across Europe is widely recognized as a key dimension in the sustainable implementation of FCH technologies. The document Fuel Cell and Hydrogen technologies in Europe: Financial and technology outlook on the European sector ambition 2014- 2020 by The New Energy World Industry Grouping (NEW-IG) considers the development of a good understanding of the conditions of societal acceptance as an essential element to support the establishment of these conditions in Europe. If hydrogen and fuel cell technologies are to play a significant role in Europe’s new energy and transport systems, a careful consideration of social acceptance issues is needed.
There is increasing realisation amongst policy makers and industry that public acceptance is a key consideration for any attempts to deploy and extend hydrogen technologies and infrastructures in Europe (EC, 2006). The development of hydrogen technologies in Europe will involve small-scale applications as well as large-scale infrastructures that may be influenced by the acceptance of the general public, stakeholders groups, the local community and the potential customers and users. Previous research on social acceptance has investigated the general levels of public understanding of FCH technologies in specific countries, but there is limited systematic evidence on the social acceptance of FCH technologies throughout Europe. The overall purpose of HYACINTH is to gain a deeper understanding of the social acceptance of hydrogen technologies across Europe as well as to develop a communication and management toolbox to be used in ongoing and future activities aiming at introducing hydrogen into mobility, stationary and energy or backup power supply systems.
Social acceptance of FCH technologies will be investigated via survey research with representative panels across Europe (up to 10.000 European citizens) and semi-structured interviews with 650 selected stakeholders in 10 countries. The design of the data gathering instruments will build upon the methodological and conceptual developments in the research of social acceptance of new technologies. The toolbox will provide the necessary background information and understanding of the current state of awareness and acceptance of FCH technologies by the general public and by stakeholder groups (industry, municipalities, researchers, fleet operators …). It will further provide the necessary tools to understand and manage expectations of future FCH projects and products in the transition phase, to identify regional challenges to the projects and to determine effective policy support measures.
Together the results from the research on the social acceptance of FCH technologies across Europe and the toolbox will support future projects to considerate the acceptance processes influenced by their activities; i.e. identifying regions of supportive acceptance, bottlenecks and challenges to be tackled, communication strategies and other means to actively manage the acceptance process FCH technologies.
The final conference of the European RESTRAIL project (Reduction of Suicides and Trespasses on Railway property) was held to present the lessons learnt within the project, its final results and the future way forward.
The European RESTRAIL (Reduction of Suicides and Trespasses on RAILway property) project was brought to a close on September 18th 2014 at the UIC premises at Paris, France. This was the occasion to learn more about this successful project, its results and the future way forward. Around 100 participants from Europe as well as other countries (such as USA and Australia), attended the final conference of this European project. RESTRAIL aimed at reducing the occurrence of suicides and trespasses on railway property and the costly service disruption caused by these events. One central objective of RESTRAIL was to provide the rail industry with the analysis of cost-effective prevention and mitigation measures as well as with recommendations and guidance materials to optimise the implementation of these measures. The final outcome is a toolbox to support the decision makers in taking practical steps to reduce suicides and trespasses and to mitigate the consequences once that these events occur.Mr Jean-Pierre Loubinoux, UIC Director-General, delivered the opening speech of these conferences, highlighting the role of different experts working together on both societal and technical issues focused on the reduction of trespassing and suicides. Afterwards, Mrs Ann Billiau, INFRABEL General Director, gave a keynote focused on an example from Belgium, explaining that it has the more dense and heavy network in the world with easily accessible tracks and thus dramatic consequences. Mrs Billiau referred to the toolbox as a dynamic and evolutionary tool, where stakeholders could find a general guidance explaining how to analyse the measures and their implementation.
The Conferences followed through with the WP leaders’ presentations about different lessons learnt during the project referred to:
- Qualitative analysis of suicide and trespasses on railway property
- Assessment of measures targeted to reduce railway suicides and trespasses.
- Mitigation of Consequences by Improving Procedures and Decision Making
- Implementation and monitoring process of field tests
After these presentations, the most anticipated moment came with the Poster session. The results, obtained from each one of the evaluations, were presented by the responsible RESTRAIL partners. A total of 11 posters were shown during one and a half hour. The eleven evaluated measures were: warning signs and posters; societal collaboration to prevent railway suicide; gatekeeper training course for personnel working in a railway environment; gatekeeper course “Contact with a (possibly) suicidal person”; restriction of access to fast lines, using mid-platform fencing and other restrictions to access; education in schools for 8–11 year old children; video enforcement and sound warning; railway safety education programme¸ a combination of measures at Aydin station; Computer Based Training (CBT) Module for Responding Bodies to mitigate post-incident consequences and Forward Facing CCTV. CIDAUT presented the results obtained from the evaluation carried out together with ADIF at the stopping place of the University of Valladolid (Valladolid, Spain); where several warning signs and posters were implemented in order to know their effectiveness on the reduction of trespassers.
After the Poster session; the RESTRAIL toolbox was presented as the final output of the project. This guidance material has been designed in order to:
- Lead decision-makers through the process of selecting from the wide range available of preventative and mitigation measures
- Provide more detailed guidance on the implementation of those measures and provide a framework for collecting and structuring information in order to feed an accessible and documented database on implementation measures and efficiency across the rail community.
More information referred to this RESTRAIL toolbox is accessible at http://www.restrail.eu/toolbox/
Lastly, the Conferences concluded with an open discussion of some ideas concerning possible follow-up research activity. One of the most appreciated by those present was initiating new and more elaborated field tests in the future: some of the most promising measures could be selected and evaluated in longer field tests, in order to collect more reliable data and assess the beneficial effect achieved statistically.
The RESTRAIL project ended on September 30th, 2014, however the partners will continue to work together and organize periodic workshops, so that current and future partners can share the most recent knowledge and best practices from their countries.
For more information on the RESTRAIL project, please visit http://www.restrail.eu/ or contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
The HITECO project is close to its end. Last 30th October the final workshop was carried out in ENEA facilities, near Rome. At this event, the project coordinator and several partners showed the most important tasks developed along the project and the main results obtained; insights about the future of the CSP sector, sealing systems for novel energy devices and “Industrial development driven by technology; Solar applications”, were some of the topics presented and discussed during the Conferences. Finally a technical tour was performed to show the new absorber tube placed on the test facilities and the testing operation results (http://www.hitecoproject.com/?p=971).
The last one and a half year of the project, its efforts have been focused on the development and validation of a prototype of the new concept of absorber tube for CSP that had been designed during the project. This new concept was been tested in a laboratory under off-sun conditions to analyze the thermal stability of the components and the behaviour of the new concept of vacuum chamber, providing good results in all the tests performed.
Finally, the new product was scaled and mounted on a CSP test facility placed at ENEA facilities near Rome to perform the on-sun tests of the product.
These test facilities are composed of a parabolic trough solar collector of 100m length and a molten salts management system used as heat transfer fluid along the tests. During the last year the project tasks have been focused on the manufacturing of a 100m length absorber tube to place it on those tests facilities, and the necessary efforts to adapt the supporting structure and the molten salts management system to be used to the new concept of the absorber tube.
These tasks were completed successfully completed and the system validation tests started at the beginning of last summer. At this moment, the main conclusions drawn are the following:
- The new concept of absorber tube has been validated, and likewise the following goals have been confirmed: the thermo-mechanical functionality, the ability to achieve high vacuum levels and keep them under different operating conditions.
- The first tests performed showned similar heat losses to those with current tube designs; the differentiating effect is focused on the analysis of the composition and pressure of the vacuum chamber and, on the other hand, the reduction of the heat losses through the absorber tube supports. Regarding performance, as the new tube concept, it has more effective solar collection area, it is expected that in the coming weeks the improvement in performance of the new tube design compared to current designs can be confirmed.
Thanks to the HITECO project, CIDAUT has gained knowledge and a valuable insight into the CSP technologies, and has developed and validated simulation methodologies to analyze the optical, thermal and thermo-mechanical behaviour of parabolic-trough solar collectors. On the other hand, a useful analytical tool to characterize the performance of absorber tubes in parabolic solar collectors has been carried out and has been validated using CFD simulation tools and experimental results.
ACOUTRAIN Final Conference:
“Virtual certification of acoustic performance for rolling stock”
Brussels (Belgium), 7th November 2014
The ACOUTRAIN project is a EU-funded European R&D project focussed on the development of procedures and calculation tools to simplify the present noise TSI noise test. The 3-years project has 15 European partners and its main objective is to reduce the time and costs associated to the TSI Noise conformity assessment by developing procedures for acoustic virtual testing. The project is coming to an end in December 2014 and ACOUTRAIN Final Conference on the 7th of November 2014 was the perfect opportunity to present the project results.
Programme:The workshop was held at the Thon Hotel Bristol Stephanie, Avenue Louise 91-93, B-1050 Brussels, and started around 9:00AM with a welcome speech from Dr. Philippe Citroën, Director General of UNIFE. Mr Jean-Marie Bodson, Technical Director of Standards & Regulations at Alstom Transport introduced the project together with the technical coordinator, Mr Nicolas Furio from UNIFE.The main results of ACOUTRAIN were presented during a full day event, structured in 5 main sections:
- Session 1 – Basic tools for virtual certification.
- Introduction to concepts of Virtual Testing
- Virtual Vehicle, process flowchart (WP1)
- Software definition + demonstration (WP4)
- Validation of software (WP4)
- Session 2 – Noise sources characterisation.
- Rolling noise: how to use TWINS; wheel roughness (WP2)
- Vehicle Source characterisation measurements (WP3)
- Integration effects (WP3)
- Session 3 – Methods related to virtual certification.
- Separation/transposition procedures (WP2)
- Simplified method (WP1)
- Specific situations, other metrics, use for
- END (WP1)
- Session 4 – Example application: NAT Case study.
- Measurement Campaign
- Modelling Concept
- Session 5 – Virtual testing within certification.
- Procedures: ACOUTRAIN proposals
- Summary of outcomes, open issues
- (Recommendations for future research)
The Final Conference was an opportunity to discuss about virtual certification. A dedicated session for questions and answers was opened in the last part of each session.
The EU’s flagship electromobility project, Green eMotion, has organised for the first time an electric vehicle rally from the Green eMotion demonstration regions to Brussels. Over the past few days, five teams – EdF (Strasbourg), ESB (Belfast), RSE (Milano), TÜV Nord (Hannover), and Verbund (VIenna) – drove their electric vehicles to Brussels, using different charging stations along the way. The tour culminated on september 18th with a high-level conference with the Vice-President of the European Commission and Commissioner for Transport Mr Siim Kallas. A parallel interoperability demonstration showed that the marketplace developed within the project now allows Europe-wide access to charging infrastructure.
“Green eMotion has achieved major milestones during the 3 ½ years of project work to enable the mass market roll-out of electromobility: Prototype implementation of a really scalable, open ICT system enabling Europe-wide access to charging infrastructure, development of necessary standards for electromobility and a roadmap for future standardisation work, detailed technical work (from grid impact studies to the evaluation of electric vehicles under real life conditions) as well as the preparation of guidelines and policies,” said Dr. Heike Barlag, Siemens AG, the project coordinator of Green eMotion.
Following the keynote speech by Vice-President Kallas on the future of electromobility in Europe and the view from the electricity industry presented by EURELECTRIC Secretary General Mr Hans ten Berge, Green eMotion representatives from partners Enel, IBM and RSE explained some of the project’s successes, including the demonstration of a truly interoperable electromobility system, the setting up of a marketplace for roaming throughout Europe, and the work carried out on standardisation.
As a second highlight of the event, Green eMotion partners demonstrated their developed interoperability solution with electric vehicles and charging infrastructure from different operators throughout Europe. The charging infrastructure for the demonstration was provided by EDF, Endesa, Enel, ESB, Iberdrola and RWE. The demonstration showed how users can easily charge their electric car independently from their local infrastructure operator. This is made possible via the Green eMotion marketplace platform provided by IBM, an open ICT infrastructure developed within the project that includes a clearinghouse service from SAP for roaming. This marketplace was also used during the Rally to Brussels when the teams – running cars from BMW, Nissan, Opel and Renault – charged with their own user-ID at the charging stations of other project partners.
Other working areas of the Green eMotion project addressed by speakers in the conference included the effect of electric vehicles on the power system, sustainable business models for electromobility, increasing the acceptance of electric cars, and evaluating and influencing their range. The presentations from this conference can be found on the Green eMotion project website www.greenemotion-project.eu.
About Green eMotion: The project’s 42 partners have joined forces to explore the basic conditions that are needed for Europe-wide electromobility. The primary goal of the project is to demonstrate an interoperable electromobility system with easy access to charging infrastructure all over Europe. Such a system is only feasible with standards that can be adopted internationally. To this end, practical research is being conducted in different demonstration regions all over Europe with the aim of developing and demonstrating a commonly accepted and user-friendly framework that combines interoperable and scalable technical solutions with a sustainable business platform. The project is funded by the EU and runs until February 2015. More information is available at: www.greenemotion-project.eu
The system named as “ILLUMETRIC”, aimed to assess street lighting facilities, was presented in September in the United Kingdom during “The Professional Lighting Summit” congress, organised by the Institution of Lighting Professionals (ILP).
The ILLUMETRIC system, developed by CIDAUT and whose services are currently being commercialized by CIDRO, was presented during the last “The Professional Lighting Summit” held in Solihull, near Birmingham. This is probably the most important event oriented to lighting professionals in the United Kingdom. The presentation of the system was done during two workshops, one each day of the congress, and attracted a very interesting group of assistants, including representatives of public administrations and private companies.
ILLUMETRIC uses a van equipped with a wide set of sensors and cameras conceived to perform surveys of street lighting facilities. The measures are registered with the vehicle in motion, driven at the speed of the roadway, which represents an enormous advantage with regards to traditional handheld measurement systems.
The system includes instrumentation to provide complete information about the levels of light and position of the luminaries, allowing advanced features like the creation of “light maps” or the inventory of light points. This information can be used in activities like energy efficiency audits, maintenance surveys, project acceptances, etc.
Beyond all doubt, ILLUMETRIC can be considered as one of the most advanced systems of its kind in the world, opening a whole field of opportunities related to the adequate use of energy to light our streets and roads.
Learn more about this system at www.illumetric.com.
Illuminance map with the levels of light measured by the ILLUMETRIC system and represented in Google Earth (image ©Google)
On September 26th, CIDAUT and the FP7 funded EVolution project were involved in the European Researchers Night, This event organized at Valladolid’s Science Museum is part of the dissemination activities coordinated from a European Commission funded project called Scientists for a better word.
This initiative aims at disseminating the European researchers work to a broad audience, in fact to all citizens, to raise awareness of the work done and the impact it has on society and in competitiveness for the local and regional industries. Among other advantages, this event allowed CIDAUT and other organizations involved in research, to directly contact students to promote scientific innovation and development.
CIDAUT and Valladolid’s University presented Evolution (http://evolutionproject.eu/
), a research project funded by the European Commission under the 7th Framework Programme. The objective of the project is to develop new materials which will significantly reduce the weight of the new generation of hybrid and electric vehicles. In particular, the work carried out developing light aluminium alloys and aluminium foams, as shown in the following image.
This open house dissemination event targeting the general population was the perfect example of transferring directly to society the effort that the European Commission is taking within their funded programmes. CIDAUT representative, Mr Jorge Martín, explained how Evolution project is promoting sustainable transport by designing a light weight EV. The impact of such a vehicle in the future cities by decreasing CO2 and noise pollution levels attracted strong interest among the visitors. It may be concluded that the event was a complete success in promoting research and innovation among the general population, as well as to raise awareness of the European Commission objectives with the Horizon 2020 programme.Valladolid’s Science Museum: http://www.museocienciavalladolid.es/opencms/mcva/
EVolution Project: http://evolutionproject.eu/